46% of those bitten have a delayed reaction of over one week.
Adults vs Nymphs is about 1:3 Out of this 80% is 1st and 2nd stage nymph
Management companies and Hotels must have a written action, engagement and follow-up plan in place. Detailed records must be kept. Landlords have a duty to protect and as such must a) warn tenants when there is an issue, b) evict tenants who interfere or are non-cooperative c) must assist tenants who are mobility impaired with preparation and d) must provide for periodic inspections (Duty to investigate). This is as per Jeffrey M Lipman, a trial attorney who is in the process of bringing several million dollar class action suits against Property Management and Hotel companies. In addition there has to be a reasonableness of the inspection and warning. As managers there is an Implied Warranty of Liability. There should be no communication verbally as all communication needs to be tracked. If a tenant or client refuses treatment or inspection you must get a signed copy of the refusal.
Reproduction Potential: Dr. Phil Koehler University of Florida
Home- 10 weeks- 35 thousand, Subway- 10 weeks-25 thousand, Clothing Store-10 weeks- 1000, Office-10 weeks-10,000. Long meals give bed bugs greater breeding ability. In a home in 12-16 weeks the bed bugs can grow to a level that is harmful to the occupants.
C02 Flush using a cartridge such as a bike tire inflator or a bed inflator is a good test. Must be held static in one area(best to discharge over the bed). Insects will emerge from cracks and crevices. Out of all monitors black climb-ups had the highest catch rate. Canines were still the number one detection tool. Dry ice in a climb-up makes a good home made trap but has a liability issue for professionals.
Richard Naylor University of Sheffield:
One insect (ONE!!!) can start a building wide infestation. The tropical bed bug may be here now
Dr Dini Miller: No Pest Strips did not work in 14 days on soft items. Location of items in the bag affected mortality. The nymphal stage survived. When vacuuming use a stocking to cover the end of the suction tube. After vacuuming throw away stocking(think bed bug filter). The dryer and heat boxes are very effective at killing bed bugs and their eggs.